11.6.10. astroML.stats.linear

astroML.stats.linear(*args, **kwds)

A truncated positive exponential continuous random variable.

The probability distribution is:

p(x) ~ c * x + d   between a and b
     = 0             otherwise

The arguments are (a, b, c). d is set by the normalization

As an instance of the rv_continuous class, linear object inherits from it a collection of generic methods (see below for the full list), and completes them with details specific for this particular distribution.


>>> from scipy.stats import linear
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots(1, 1)

Calculate a few first moments:

>>> a, b, c = 
>>> mean, var, skew, kurt = linear.stats(a, b, c, moments='mvsk')

Display the probability density function (pdf):

>>> x = np.linspace(linear.ppf(0.01, a, b, c),
...                 linear.ppf(0.99, a, b, c), 100)
>>> ax.plot(x, linear.pdf(x, a, b, c),
...        'r-', lw=5, alpha=0.6, label='linear pdf')

Alternatively, the distribution object can be called (as a function) to fix the shape, location and scale parameters. This returns a “frozen” RV object holding the given parameters fixed.

Freeze the distribution and display the frozen pdf:

>>> rv = linear(a, b, c)
>>> ax.plot(x, rv.pdf(x), 'k-', lw=2, label='frozen pdf')

Check accuracy of cdf and ppf:

>>> vals = linear.ppf([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], a, b, c)
>>> np.allclose([0.001, 0.5, 0.999], linear.cdf(vals, a, b, c))

Generate random numbers:

>>> r = linear.rvs(a, b, c, size=1000)

And compare the histogram:

>>> ax.hist(r, density=True, histtype='stepfilled', alpha=0.2)
>>> ax.legend(loc='best', frameon=False)
>>> plt.show()


rvs(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1, size=1, random_state=None)

Random variates.

pdf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Probability density function.

logpdf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Log of the probability density function.

cdf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Cumulative distribution function.

logcdf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Log of the cumulative distribution function.

sf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Survival function (also defined as 1 - cdf, but sf is sometimes more accurate).

logsf(x, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Log of the survival function.

ppf(q, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Percent point function (inverse of cdf — percentiles).

isf(q, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Inverse survival function (inverse of sf).

moment(n, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Non-central moment of order n

stats(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1, moments=’mv’)

Mean(‘m’), variance(‘v’), skew(‘s’), and/or kurtosis(‘k’).

entropy(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

(Differential) entropy of the RV.

fit(data, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Parameter estimates for generic data.

expect(func, args=(a, b, c), loc=0, scale=1, lb=None, ub=None, conditional=False, **kwds)

Expected value of a function (of one argument) with respect to the distribution.

median(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Median of the distribution.

mean(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Mean of the distribution.

var(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Variance of the distribution.

std(a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Standard deviation of the distribution.

interval(alpha, a, b, c, loc=0, scale=1)

Endpoints of the range that contains alpha percent of the distribution